News and Event

Online Conference on Combating Child Labour in ASEAN/Southeast Asia

Organised by the Vietnam National
University-Law School, Southeast Asian Human Rights and Peace Studies Network
(SEAHRN), & the Strengthening Human Rights and Peace Research and
Education in ASEAN/Southeast Asia Programme (SHAPE-SEA), with the support of
the International Labour Organization in Hanoi,
Vietnam.RationaleChild labour is a
socio-economic pandemic that continues to plague the lives of many. In the
Asia-Pacific Region alone, there are about 62 Million children who are
engaged in some form of labour.  In
Vietnam, in particular, the 2018 National Child Labour Survey estimated,
there were 1,031,944 cases, involving children aged between 5 to 17
years.Legal standards
and mechanisms have been either developed or reformed to diminish child
labor. However, based on the recent rise in the number of cases, legal
safeguards seem to be not enough. There are many factors that still have to
be addressed such as gender stereotypes, gender-based violence, poverty, the
lack of decent work for adults, the lack of social protection, and failure to
ensure quality education for all children. Furthermore, the COVID-19 pandemic
induced severe inequalities and disrupted work/movements towards the
protection of vulnerable peoples—including children. According to the UN
Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR), the pandemic has
devastating short, medium and long term effects on Children—specifically
those who are at the margins. This public health emergency not only restricts
their movement, but also impacts their mental and physical health, as well
as, the full enjoyment of their basic rights. As of the
moment, literature on child labour in relation to the pandemic in the region
has, so far, been bleak.On the regional front, the ASEAN Secretariat,
together with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), U.S.
Mission to ASEAN and the ILO on 26-27 August 2020 in Jakarta organised the
Regional Inter-Sectoral Workshop on the Renewal of the ASEAN Roadmap for the
Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour by 2025. The Roadmap
aims boost ASEAN’s collective resilience and agility in promoting the
livelihoods of the people and well-being of children in particular. Moving
forward, the Roadmap will be submitted to the ASEAN Labour Ministers for
adoption. Under this project, a conference involving various stakeholders is
also planned in 2021 to discuss follow-up actions.In light of the current
situation, the conference seeks to promote the role and participation of
scholars and research agencies in the prevention of child labor in ASEAN
countries. This also aims to develop practical lessons on effective
initiatives and models to improve the effectiveness of child labor prevention
among scholars and researchers in Southeast Asia. It will also contribute to
the expansion of multi-sectoral networks, and attract more discourses and
actions on intersecting issues affecting chid labour. It shall also emphasise
on the role of governments in the prevention of child labor and promotion of
SDG Goal 8.7.Desired OutcomesThe goal of this
two half-day online conference is to meaningfully contribute to the
implementation of the ASEAN Roadmap for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of
Child Labour by 2025, and to enable long-term and sustainable means to fully
prevent and eliminate of child labour in ASEAN/Southeast Asia. What
to Expect
The conference shall be a platform for scholars,
advocaates practitioners, government officials and representatives from the
ASEAN bodies, ILO, UN, civil society organizations and private sector in
ASEAN to share knowledge, experiences and to discuss:

  • The role and participation of scholars, researchers, universities
    and research institutes in the prevention of child labor;
  • Knowledge and experience on child labor prevention, including
    policy framework, laws, action programs, research, communication, teaching,
    initiatives, coordination model, and good lessons in this area in Southeast
    Asia
  • Develop and/or strengthen multi-stakeholder
    collaboration in the field of child labor prevention and reduction in the
    region.

_____________________ Global estimates
of child labour: Results and trends, 2012-2016. International Labour Office
(ILO), Geneva, 2017.
https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/—dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_575499.pdf
Second Viet Nam National Child Labour Survey: Key findings,
https://www.ilo.org/hanoi/Whatwedo/Publications/WCMS_764357/lang–en/index.htm
https://ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Children/ChildRights_2030Agenda.pdf
https://asean.org/asean-reaffirms-commitment-eliminate-worst-forms-child-labour/

Day
1
3 June 2021
(Thursday)
13:00-13:15Hanoi
time
  • Introduction and Zoom Instruction: Dr. Ngo Minh Huong, School of
    Law, Vietnam National University Hanoi
  • Opening remarks
    by Associate Professor Nguyen Thi Que Anh, Dean, School of Law, Vietnam
    National University, Hanoi
  • Welcome Remark:
    Hadi Punama- Convenor, SEAHRN,
    Chair of Human rights Center of
    University of
    Indonesia
13:15-13:45 Keynote
Speech
: Landscape of child labor in ASEAN in
different sectors
Melizel Asuncion, Founding member, Southeast
Asian Human rights Research Network (SEAHRN), and Senior Director, Verite
Southeast Asia
13:45-14:45 Panel 1: Child
Labo
ur
Vulnerability
(10
minutes/speaker)
Panel Chair: Dr. Ngo
Minh
Huong

Lecturer,
VNU-School of
Law

  1. Manotar Tampubolon – Faculty of Law,
    Christian University of Indonesia (Indonesia)A critical discourse
    on the eradication of child sex practices: A human rights
    perspective
  2. Zhouzheng Huang- PhD fellow,
    Institute Human Rights, China University of Political  Science and Law
    (China)Children Internet Celebrities: Digital Child Labor and Legal
    Countermeasure in China
  3. Dr PA PA SOE – Law
    Department from Mawlamyine University
    (Myanmar)Child Labour Protection in Myanmar: A
    Case Study in Yangon
  4. Prof. Dr. Tao Thi Quyen
    and Dao Thi Tung – Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
     (Vietnam)The relationship between the right to education of
    children and child labour: Reflection from minority groups in
    Vietnam

20 ‘ Discussion
 

14:45-15:00
Tea break

Day
1
3 June
2021 (Thursday)
15:00-15:45 Panel
2 : Child
Labo
u
Vulnerability
 (10
minutes/speaker)
Panel Chair:
Nguyen
Thuy Duong, Lecturer, VNU-School
of Law

  1. Dr. Aye Mar Win, Law Department,
    Mawlamyine University, Mon State, Myanmar and May Thu Zaw, East Yangon
    University, Yangon (Myanmar)
  2. Effective Protection
    of Child Labour in the Hazardous Workplace of Myanmar
    Ananya Ramani
    Independent researcher (Thailand)Migrant
    Children left behind: a legal and policy Analysis to address migrant child
    labor in Thailand
  3. Hoang Kim Khuyen, Nguyen
    Thu Dung – Institute of State and Law (ISL), Vietnam Academy of Social
    Sciences (Vietnam)Poverty and Child Labour in Vietnam

15’ discussion

16:00-17:00 Panel 3:
Child Labour
in different
sectors
(10
 minutes/speaker)Panel
Chair:  Hadi Punama-
Convenor, SEAHRN,
Chair of Human rights Center of
University of
Indonesia

  1. Abrori Charliene, S.H. Dea
    Pratiwi, S.H., Nadya Noor Azalia  (Indonesia)Implementation of
    corporate social responsibility initiatives on the elimination of child labor
    in tobacco industry in Indonesia, The Philippines, and
    Cambodia.
  2. Dr. Le Thi Nga –Hue University of
    Law (Vietnam)Identifying child labour in
    agriculture:
    Research in
    coffee-growing household in DakLak province, Vietnam
  3. Andika Ab.Wahab – Institute of Malaysian & International
    Studiesm  (Malaysia)
  4. Modelling A Time
    Use Survey to Measure Incidence of Child Labour: A Case Study of Palm Oil
    Smallholders in East Coast of Sabah
  5. Dr. Ngo
    Huong – School of Law, Vietnam National University Hanoi
    (Vietnam)Tourism and child labor in Vietnam: Between the law and
    practice

20
discussion

Day
2
4 June 2021
(Friday)
13:00-14:00 Introduction
and Zoom Instruction: Ngo
Huong Chair:
Joel Mark Barredo
Program Director
of
SHAPE-SEA Keynote
Panel on The Role of Academia and Researchers in Tackling Child
Labour

  1. Dr. Mark Capaldi – Lecturer,
    Institute of Human Rights and Peace Studies, Mahidol
    University
  2. Dr. Sriprapha Petcharamesree -Senior
    Lecturer- Institute of Human Rights and Peace Studies, Mahidol
    University
  3. Dr. Ngo Minh Huong – Lecturer, VNU School of
    Law

20 ‘
Discussion

14:00-15:15 Panel 4: Impact of
Covid-19 and Child Labor
(10
minutes/speaker)
Panel Chair:  Joel Mark
Barredo – Program
Director of SHAPE-SEA

  1. Desi Yunitaasari and Devi Yúsvitasari – Ganesha  University
    of Education in Bali (Indonesia)Pandemic and the prevalence of
    Children’s Rights Violation: Challenges on Compating Increased Exploitation
    of Children During the Covid – 19 Outbreak in Indonesia
  2. Dr. Nguyen Thanh Huyen- School of Law, Vietnam National
    University, Hanoi (Vietnam)Impact of economic downturn on child
    labour: the case of Vietnam
  3. Dr. Nguyen Thi
    Thanh Thuy, Viet Nam Women’s Academy MA. Tran Thi Thanh Huyen, University of
    Languages and International Studies (ULIS); MA. Dinh Thi Nguyet – Nation
    Academy of Public Administration (Vietnam) The effect of
    covid-19 on child labor in construction sector
  4. Đỗ Thị Quỳnh Trang, Nguyễn Thị Lan Anh
    University of Law, Hue University
    (Vietnam)Preventing and eliminating child
    labor in Vietnam’s businesses in the context of covid 19
    epidemic
  5. Assoc.Prof./Ph.D Nguyen Hien Phuong
    and student group- Hanoi Law University (Vietnam)Impacts of the
    covid -19 epidemic on child labour in Vietnam and some recommendations to
    improve the child labour legislation

25
‘ Discussion

15:15-15:30
 Tea Break

15:30-16:45 Panel 5: Law,
Policies, and Norms on Child Labor
(5
minutes/speaker)
Panel Chair: Dr. La Khanh Tung
Lecturer,
VNU-School
of Law

  1. Ngo Huu Phuoc, Cuc Thi Kim Nguyen– Ho Chi Minh City University of
    Law (Vietnam)Vietnam in International Integration: Elimination of
    child labor in new-generation free trade agreements
  2. Asso. Prof. Dr. Vu Cong Giao , Nguyen Anh Duc – School of Law,
    Vietnam National University Hanoi (Vietnam)Eliminating child labour
    in Vietnam:
    how to “put the law into practice”?
  3. Jennifer Manalo Cueto- State University, Lemery
    (Philippines)The Current Selected Initiatives of the Philippines on
    the Key Policies Related to Child Labor
  4. Dr.
    Dang Viet Dat – Academy of Politics Region 4, Ho Chi Minh National Academy of
    Politics, Vietnam (Vietnam)Prevention and elimination of child
    labour in Vietnam: efforts and challenges
  5. Dr. Vu Thi Thu Quyen- Academy of Journalism and Communication;
    Assoc Prof. Dr. Vu Cong Giao School of Law, Vietnam
    National University of Hanoi (Vietnam)Eliminating child
    labour
    :
     A Vietnamese perspective

 25
‘ Discussion

16:45-17:00 Closing Remarks by
Assoc. Prof. Dr.
Vu Cong Giao – Head of
Constitutional Law and Administrative Law Dept., School of Law, Vietnam
National University, HanoiJoel Mark Barredo –
Program Director of
SHAPE-SEA

The
conference seeks to promote the role and participation of scholars and
research agencies in the prevention of child labor in
ASEAN/SEA

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