COVID-19 Op-ed

The Portrait of an Indonesian Health Frontliner: Strong Spirit, Vulnerable Body

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Sarah SalsabilaStudent of
Law, Universitas Islam Indonesia

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the
most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown
before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 (WHO, 2020).
However, since the coronavirus was reported in Wuhan, the Central Government
in Indonesia has not taken preventive measures such as giving a call for
public, issuing policies, or preparing lockdown policies. It is precisely the
Government that keeps allowing foreign citizens at that time to enter
Indonesia’s territory.As a result of the “negligence” of the
Central Government in preventing and preparing all matters relating to
COVID-19, trouble began onto medical personnel who were not ready to treat
COVID-19 patients. In fact, the number of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
that must be used by medical personnel and by ordinary people remains
insufficiently poor when the Government prepares the equipment. The sudden
surge in the number of COVID-19 patients in Indonesia that since 16 March
2020 rose to 134 cases surprised the Government when the public went into
frantic panic buying (The Jakarta Post, March 16, 2020). The public bought
many PPE that should have been prioritized for medical personnel; and thus,
many referral hospitals prepared by the Government for handling the COVID-19
patients ran out of PPE that comply with World Health Organization (WHO)
standards.Many of the medical workers have worn makeshift personal protective
gear, including raincoats, instead of hazmat suits. Medical worker associations
in the country have threatened to stop treating COVID-19 patients if the
government does not ensure the availability of protective health gear amid
the shortage of such equipment. And the warning was stipulated in a joint
statement issued on Friday by several medical worker associations, including
the Indonesian Medical Association (IDI), the Indonesian Dentist Association
(PDGI) and the Indonesian Nurses Association (PPNI) (The Jakarta Post, March
23, 2020).Deputy Chairman of the Indonesian Doctors Association, Mohamad Adib
Khumaidi, said demands for the protection of health workers rolled after
seven doctors died of infections, fatigues due to heart attacks (Koran Tempo,
March 25, 2020). In Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia, the available gloves do
not comply with proper Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) standard because
they are the gloves used for toilet cleaning that do not comply with WHO
standards. And one of the hospitals not only fails to provide a place for
medical personnel isolation after 14 days of caring for patients but also
unprepared to do quick tests to ensure every staff is safe.Indonesia is a
state of law, which means everything must be set properly into laws. Article
28 H Section 1 of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, for
instance, states that the right to health must be granted because it is a
“fundamental right” for each individual. Similarly, Article 26,
paragraph 2 of Law no. 36 of 2014 regarding Medical Personnel states that
“the Leader of health service facilities as referred to in paragraph (1)
and/or district heads in charge of Health Service Facilities must consider in
fulfilling the needs of clothing, food, shelter, and location, as well as the
safety of Health Workers following statutory provisions. “At the level
of regulation, the rights to healthy living (right to health, right to health
care, right to protection health right), are included in human rights
mentioned in various international instruments and national instruments
formulated in multiple forms. As a consequence, first, the State formulates
that the right to live healthily is an individual’s right (individual
rights), and second, the State establishes its obligation to fulfill the
right to a healthy life of the community.Based on the data and the Law above,
the Government has not fulfilled the rights of medical personnel and
Government obligations to guarantee the protection of the health and safety
of medical personnel. There must be a set of working hours, an increase in
the number of referral hospitals, the fulfillment of the primary needs of
each health worker, the provision of PPE, and determination of the priority
for provision of PPE to take precedence over the offering of incentives
(although the latter is also necessary). The Government’s plan to provide
additional IRD 10 million (USD 601) for medical personnel and IRD 7.5 million
(USD 450) for nurses is not worthy of such very high occupational risks. The
Government cannot let medical workers unprotected in handling a transmissible
pandemic, especially since there is no vaccine. Although it is evident in the
regulations that the Government, especially the Regional Head, is also
responsible for meeting the health and safety needs of the health workers.The
Government must also guarantee that these workers are fully protected from
the coronavirus infection by providing standardized equipment before serving
the patients and getting rapid tests after carrying out their duties. This
protection includes the Government’s provision of suitable isolation sites
for COVID-19 medical personnel after carrying out their duties. World Health
Organization (WHO), in 1948, had also emphasized that “obtaining the
highest degree of health is a human right for all people” (enjoying the
highest achievable health standards is one of the basic rights of every human
being).At present, the country’s attention to health workers is still lower
than optimal. Some other things the Government should be issuing as policies
are the regulations on health workers’ capabilities and protection to those
who treat COVID-19 patients. The Government should be fairly paying more
attention to each individual in a pandemic situation like recently. The
Government must be clear and firm in enforcing regulations such as not let
one life (positively-confirmed patient COVID-19) be saved at the costs of
another live (COVID-19 medical worker). We all hope this pandemic outbreak
end soon, and everyone returns into safety.References:World Health
Organization (WHO). (2020, March 9). Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19).
https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses.
(Accessed March 29, 2020).The Jakarta Post. (2020, March 16) . Indonesia’s
COVID-19 tally rises to 134 as 17 new cases reported. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/16/indonesias-covid-19-tally-rises-to-134-as-17-new-cases-reported.html.
(Accessed March 29, 2020)The Jakarta Post. (2020, March 28). Indonesian
medical workers threaten to stop COVID-19 treatment if protective gear not
provided. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/28/medical-workers-threaten-to-stop-covid-19-treatment-if-protective-gear-not-provided.html.
(Accessed March 29, 2020)Koran Tempo. (2020, March 25) . Prioritas Perlindungan
untuk Petugas di Garis Terdepan . https://koran.tempo.co/read/laporan-utama/451275/prioritas-perlindungan-untuk-petugas-di-garis-terdepan
. (Accessed March 29, 2020).Gorbiano, M. I., & Fachriansyah, R .
(2020, March 23). COVID-19: Indonesia to provide financial incentives for
frontline doctors, nurses. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/23/covid-19-indonesia-to-provide-financial-incentives-for-frontline-doctors-nurses.html
. (Accessed March 31, 2020)

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